Latin America

March 21, 2019 - Dossier
In this dossier, the Editorial Team will provide readers with the key facts and developments concerning femicide, covering all countries in this region. As a first start, the team has compiled a reading list with short summaries of key materials.
femicide #femicide rates #data #national statistics #ECLAC #UN Women #Latin American Protocol #guidelines



Reading List


1. Infografic on femicides 2014 in Latin America and the Caribbean | ECLAC

Monday, November 16, 2015 — Official Data, Facts, Statistics

According to official data from the region’s countries compiled by the Gender Equality Observatory for Latin America and the Caribbean of ECLAC, 1903 women were murdered because of their gender in 15 Latin American countries and 3 Caribbean nations




  • Improve administrative records to learn the real number of femicides in all the region’s countries
  • Foster programs to prevent all forms of violence against women to avoid femicide
  • Allocate economic resources to preventing violence and providing reparations to victims



2. Latin American Model Protocol for the Investigation of Gender-related Killings of Women (femicide/feminicide) (2015)

Thursday, January 1, 2015 — Policies, Guidelines, Jurisprudence

This landmark protocol is a practical tool, designed to be applied by the people responsible for carrying out the investigation and prosecution of these acts. It was developed by the Regional Office for Central America of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) with the support of the Americas and the Caribbean Regional Office of UN Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (UN Women), in the framework of the UN Secretary General’s Campaign UNiTE to End Violence against Women.



3. Inter-American Convention on the Prevention, Punishment and Eradication of Violence against Women "Convention of Bélem do Pará" (1994)

Saturday, January 1, 1994 — Policies, Guidelines, Jurisprudence

The landmark Inter-American Convention on the Prevention, Punishment, and Eradication of Violence against Women (known as the Convention of Belém do Pará) calls for the first time for the establishment of mechanisms for protecting and defending women's rights as essential to combating the phenomenon of violence against women's physical, sexual, and psychological integrity, whether in the public or the private sphere, and for asserting those rights within society.


4. Follow-up Mechanism to the Belém do Pará Convention (MESECVI) (2004)

Thursday, January 1, 2004 — Policies, Guidelines, Jurisprudence

The Belém do Pará Convention established for the first time the development of mechanisms for the protection and defense of women's rights in the struggle to eliminate violence against their physical, sexual and psychological integrity, in both the public and private spheres. The effective implementation of the Convention requires a continuous and independent evaluation process, which in 2004 led to the creation of the Follow-up Mechanism to the Belém do Pará Convention (MESECVI).


MESECVI is a systematic and permanent multilateral evaluation methodology that is based on exchange and technical cooperation between the States Party to the Convention and a Committee of Experts. MESECVI analyzes progress in the implementation of the Convention by the States Party, as well as persistent challenges to an effective State response to violence against women.


5. Resolution on Femicide in the European Union and Latin America EURO-LAT (2014)

Saturday, March 29, 2014 — Policies, Guidelines, Jurisprudence

The Euro-Latin American Parliamentary Assembly published in 2014 the "Urgent Resolution on Femicide in the European Union and Latin America" where they recognize that it has not been possible to curb the increase in femicide in Latin America and Europe.


6. Ending Violence Against Women in Latin America: Feminist Norm Setting in a Multilevel Context

Wednesday, March 23, 2016 — Studies, Analyses, Reports

This paper seeks to contribute to a more dynamic understanding of norm diffusion by examining the processes of multilevel norm setting to end VAW in Latin America.

Conny Roggeband

7. Femicide Is On the Rise and Hidden in Plain View | NP Quarterly

Friday, December 7, 2018 — News

Article on Nobel Peace Prize winner Nadia Murad and the link between the migrant caravan in Latin America and the dramatic rise of femicide in Honduras, Guatemala, and El Salvador

Cyndi Suarez

8. 5 Countries in Latin America Where Femicide Is At Its Worst | Elite Daily

Friday, June 19, 2015 — Studies, Analyses, Reports

This report provides an overview of femicide in 5 Latin American countries.

Kristina Udice

9. Feminicide: A Global Phenomenon 5th ed. | Heinrich Böll Stiftung

Tuesday, August 1, 2017 — Studies, Analyses, Reports

This publication presents articles written by prominent feminists, women´s human rights activists, academics and representatives from civil society in Latin American (LA) and the European Union (EU) regarding the mass demonstrations of feminicide. The fifth edition of “Feminicide: A Global Phenomenon” covers topics such as feminicide in different countries, the recent call of the UN-Rapporteur and the absolute criminalization of abortion.

Patricia Jiménez, Ana Martínez Fernández

10. Organized crime-related femicide in Latin America | InSight Crime

Thursday, February 11, 2016 — Studies, Analyses, Reports

Latin America is the region with the most female murders on earth, a phenomenon partly due to organized crime activities such as human trafficking and gang violence. This article from 2016 provides figures and covers this phenonomen at wide depth. Explanations include e.g. the impunity and huge profitability of human trafficking and the fact that women are considered to be the property of gang leaders.

Mimi Yagoub