There is a systematic pattern of impunity in Mexico, a reflection of the lack of access to justice for women. Frequently, victims are battered and discriminated when trying to access the justice system.
In 2009 the IACHR recognised that the disappearances and murders of three women in Mexico were gender-based and perpetrated in the known context of violence against women in Ciudad Juarez. Hence, it prosecuted the Mexican nation-state for such crimes.
The Inter-American Convention on the Prevention, Punishment, and Eradication of Violence against Women (known as the Convention of Belém do Pará) calls for the first time for the establishment of mechanisms for protecting women of violence.