Selected data, facts and figures, promising practices, landmark documents and news on the issue of femicide - all in one spot

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Canadian Domestic Homicide Prevention Conference October 18-19, 2017

Hosted by Canadian Domestic Homicide Prevention Initiative with Vulnerable Populations
publication date: 
Jul 17, 2017

Canadian Domestic Homicide Prevention Conference, October 18-19, 2017
London ON Convention Centre, 300 York Street, London, ON
Co-Directors: Dr. Myrna Dawson and Dr. Peter Jaffe

A conference for policy makers, mental health, justice and social service professionals involved in the prevention, assessment, management, and safety planning for domestic violence and domestic homicide, particularly those working with Indigenous, rural, remote, northern, immigrant and refugee populations, and children exposed to domestic violence.

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Research, Analysis, Reports

Femicide of Women Who Are Older

1 in 5 women murdered in Ontario from 1974 to 2012 was 55 years or older. 67% of older femicide victims were retired.
publication date: 
Mar 22, 2017
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This finding demonstrates the substantial number of older women in Ontario who were killed. While the killing of one woman is unacceptable, this statistic reminds us that gender-based violence exists across the life course and that intervention and prevention efforts must target all age groups, including women who are older. Moreover, the “baby boomers” are moving into this demographic and the number of women 55 years and older will represent a larger portion of the population in Ontario.

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Punishing femicide: Criminal justice responses to the killing of women over four decades

publication date: 
Mar 9, 2016
source / author: 

The way in which nation states respond to femicide has become the focus of much attention in the past decade. The establishment of specialized police and prosecution units has been recommended and some countries have implemented specific legislation or criminal offences specific to femicide. Part of the challenge in moving beyond these legislative and policy initiatives is the dearth of reliable data that show how states are

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Canada
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Femicide of Older Women

There is a lack of consensus on what age group constitutes “older people”, including older women.
publication date: 
Jan 4, 2017
source / author: 

In Canada, there is no set age at which a person is considered to be a senior; age thresholds may vary depending on a number of factors and range from 55 to 65 years old as a minimum requirement. Despite disagreement in defining seniority, Statistics Canada acknowledges that seniors 65 years and older represent a burgeoning proportion of Canada’s population, comprising 16% of the total population in 2011.i This percentage will continue to rise with the aging population of ‘baby boomers’, resulting in increased concerns about their social, physical, and mental vulnerability.

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Research, Analysis, Reports

Woman Killing: Intimate Femicide in Ontario, 1974-1994

Research article about numbers and trends in femicide in Ontario during the past 20 years
publication date: 
Sep 10, 1999

This paper reviews major findings from our research on women killed by their intimate partners in Ontario. Between 1974 and 1994, killings by intimate partners accounted for between 63% and 76% of all women killed in Ontario. We document trends in intimate femicide, characteristics of victims and offenders, circumstances of the killings, and criminal justice responses to offenders. We also discuss the gender-specific nature of intimate femicides and identify ways in which intimate partner killings by males and females are distinctly different.

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Canada
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National Trends in Intimate Partner Homicides Explaining Declines in Canada, 1976 to 2001

Research article that explains the reasons for the decline in domestic homicide in Canada
publication date: 
Jul 9, 2009

In the past decade, research has begun to identify factors that may be contributing to declines in spousal homicide. The authors address two gaps in the Canadian literature: (a) the documentation of trends, including subgroup variations, and (b) the identification of factors that may be associated with declines. Using Statistics Canada data, the authors assess the association of declines with various factors.

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Intimate Femicide Followed by Suicide | American Society for Suicidology

Research article that examines the Role of Premeditation Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior
publication date: 
Feb 9, 2005
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2005 The American Association for Suicidology, Issue online: 6 January 2011. People who kill others rarely kill themselves afterwards. When they do, they are more likely to have killed someone with whom they were intimate. Two broad types of suicidal killers have been identified in research that presumes varying degrees of premeditation. Using data on over 700 intimate femicides, the role of premeditation in cases of intimate femicide-suicide compared to killings that do not culminate in a suicide was examined.

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The Cost of 'Lost' Intimacy | British Journal of Criminology

Research Article about The Effect of Relationship State on Criminal Justice Decision Making
publication date: 
Oct 9, 2003

The British Journal of Criminology, Vol. 43, No. 4 (AUTUMN 2003), pp. 689-709. Socio-legal and feminist theorists argue that law varies inversely with relational distance. Several theoretical perspectives predict that defendants who victimize intimate partners from whom they are estranged will be punished more severely than defendants who victimize current partners. The article examines whether 'separation' killings draw harsher sanctions than 'intact' killings.

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Article: Differences in the characteristics of intimate partner femicides

Research Article about The Role of Relationship State and Relationship Status
publication date: 
Jul 9, 1998

Homicide Studies by Sage Publications: Volume: 2 issue: 4, page(s): 378-399. The article analyses the relationship between victims and offenders, which is critical to understanding the context and dynamics of homicide. It is recognized in the article that the causes and correlated of homicides within intimate relationships differ from the causes and correlates of homicides by strangers. This piece of research points out that the characteristics of people involved in intimate femicides as well as the circumstances surrounding the killing do differ according to the type of relationship.

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Domestic Violence Homicide in Minnesota: Femicide Report 2014

This report is dedicated to the women, children, and men who lost their lives in Minnesota during 2014 as a result of domestic violence
publication date: 
May 2, 2014

The Minnesota Coalition for Battered Women (MCBW) tracks homicides in which the known or suspected perpetrator was a current or former intimate partner or the homicide is the result of domestic violence between current or former intimate partners. This includes family members,
friends, and interveners who are killed as a result of the domestic violence being perpetrated by a current or former intimate partner.

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United States
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Domestic Violence Homicide in Minnesota: Femicide Report 2015

Rise in domestic violence in 2015 compared to last year
publication date: 
May 7, 2015

The number of Minnesotans killed due to domestic violence varies from year to year. We have seen yearly lows in the teens and highs in the 40s. Last year 23 Minnesotans were murdered due to domestic violence. This year, the number is higher. At least 34 Minnesotans were killed due to violence from a current or former intimate partner.

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Domestic Violence Homicide in Minnesota: Femicide Report 2016

The release of the 2016 Femicide Report marks 28 years of efforts by MCBW to document the deaths resulting from domestic violence in Minnesota
publication date: 
Dec 31, 2016

Even by conservative measures, and by solely relying on publicly available information, between 1989 and 2016, our reports capture almost 1,000 cases of domestic violence homicide in Minnesota. In 2016, at least 21 people in Minnesota were killed in domestic violence related homicides. In the same year, over 60,000 survivors and their children accessed services through domestic violence programs, many whose needs went unmet due to lack of resources.

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United States
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