Sexual and Gender-based Violence in the Syrian Arab Republic | UN OHCHR
Sexual and gender-based violence against women, girls, men, and boys has been a persistent issue in Syria since the uprising in 2011. Parties to the conflict resort to sexual violence as a tool to instil fear, humiliate and punish. In this paper, the Inquiry Commission mentions that there were reported instances, when sexual violence led to the killing of women and girls.
2018 Conference room paper of the Independent International Commission of Inquiry on the Syrian Arab Republic, UN Human Rights Council A-HRC-37-CRP.3.