WHO

Global → femicide

Understanding Femicide | WHO

January 1, 2012 — Femicide Definitions
Summary:
This 2012 information sheet on femicide, including a definition and an overview of the different types of femicide, is part of a series produced by WHO and PAHO to review the evidence base on aspects of violence against women.
Author(s) / Source: WHO
 
"Femicide is generally understood to involve intentional murder of women because they are women, but broader definitions include any killings of women or girls. This information sheet focuses on the narrower definition commonly used in policies, laws and research: intentional murder of women.
 
Femicide is usually perpetrated by men, but sometimes female family members may be involved. Femicide differs from male homicide in specific ways. For example, most cases of femicide are committed by partners or ex-partners, and involve ongoing abuse in the home, threats or intimidation, sexual violence or situations where women have less power or fewer resources than their partner..."
#APRAN Femicide Definitions

Understanding Femicide | WHO

January 1, 2012
#WHO, #definition, #femicide, #types of femicide, #infosheet

Executive Summary

This 2012 information sheet on femicide, including a definition and an overview of the different types of femicide, is part of a series produced by WHO and PAHO to review the evidence base on aspects of violence against women.
WHO
 
"Femicide is generally understood to involve intentional murder of women because they are women, but broader definitions include any killings of women or girls. This information sheet focuses on the narrower definition commonly used in policies, laws and research: intentional murder of women.
 
Femicide is usually perpetrated by men, but sometimes female family members may be involved. Femicide differs from male homicide in specific ways. For example, most cases of femicide are committed by partners or ex-partners, and involve ongoing abuse in the home, threats or intimidation, sexual violence or situations where women have less power or fewer resources than their partner..."

Key facts on VAW / intimate partner violence | WHO

November 29, 2017 — Studies, Analyses, Reports
Summary:

WHO key facts on intimate partner violence and sexual violence, according to population-level surveys based on reports. 1 in 3, or 35%, of women have experienced physical and/or sexual violence by an intimate partner

Author(s) / Source: WHO

The United Nations defines violence against women as "any act of gender-based violence that results in, or is likely to result in, physical, sexual, or mental harm or suffering to women, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether occurring in public or in private life." (1)

Intimate partner violence refers to behaviour by an intimate partner or ex-partner that causes physical, sexual or psychological harm, including physical aggression, sexual coercion, psychological abuse and controlling behaviours.

Sexual violence is "any sexual act, attempt to obtain a sexual act, or other act directed against a person’s sexuality using coercion, by any person regardless of their relationship to the victim, in any setting. It includes rape, defined as the physically forced or otherwise coerced penetration of the vulva or anus with a penis, other body part or object."

Population-level surveys based on reports from victims provide the most accurate estimates of the prevalence of intimate partner violence and sexual violence. A 2013 analysis conduct by WHO with the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine and the South Africa Medical Research Council, used existing data from over 80 countries and found that worldwide, 1 in 3, or 35%, of women have experienced physical and/or sexual violence by an intimate partner or non-partner sexual violence (3).

Almost one third (30%) of all women who have been in a relationship have experienced physical and/or sexual violence by their intimate partner. The prevalence estimates of intimate partner violence range from 23.2% in high-income countries and 24.6% in the WHO Western Pacific region to 37% in the WHO Eastern Mediterranean region, and 37.7% in the WHO South-East Asia region.

Globally as many as 38% of all murders of women are committed by intimate partners. In addition to intimate partner violence, globally 7% of women report having been sexually assaulted by someone other than a partner, although data for non-partner sexual violence are more limited. Intimate partner and sexual violence are mostly perpetrated by men against women.

Factors associated with intimate partner and sexual violence occur at individual, family, community and wider society levels. Some are associated with being a perpetrator of violence, some are associated with experiencing violence and some are associated with both.

Risk factors for both intimate partner and sexual violence include:

Factors specifically associated with intimate partner violence include:

Factors specifically associated with sexual violence perpetration include:

Gender inequality and norms on the acceptability of violence against women are a root cause of violence against women.

Intimate partner (physical, sexual and emotional) and sexual violence cause serious short- and long-term physical, mental, sexual and reproductive health problems for women. They also affect their children, and lead to high social and economic costs for women, their families and societies. Such violence can:

The social and economic costs of intimate partner and sexual violence are enormous and have ripple effects throughout society. Women may suffer isolation, inability to work, loss of wages, lack of participation in regular activities and limited ability to care for themselves and their children.

There are a growing number of well-designed studies looking at the effectiveness of prevention and response programmes. More resources are needed to strengthen the prevention of and response to intimate partner and sexual violence, including primary prevention – stopping it from happening in the first place.

There is some evidence from high-income countries that advocacy and counselling interventions to improve access to services for survivors of intimate partner violence are effective in reducing such violence. Home visitation programmes involving health worker outreach by trained nurses also show promise in reducing intimate partner violence. However, these have yet to be assessed for use in resource-poor settings.

In low resource settings, prevention strategies that have been shown to be promising include: those that empower women economically and socially through a combination of microfinance and skills training related to gender equality; that promote communication and relationship skills within couples and communities; that reduce access to, and harmful use of alcohol; transform harmful gender and social norms through community mobilization and group-based participatory education with women and men to generate critical reflections about unequal gender and power relationships.

To achieve lasting change, it is important to enact and enforce legislation and develop and implement policies that promote gender equality by:

While preventing and responding to violence against women requires a multi-sectoral approach, the health sector has an important role to play. The health sector can:

At the World Health Assembly in May 2016, Member States endorsed a global plan of action on strengthening the role of the health systems in addressing interpersonal violence, in particular against women and girls and against children.

WHO, in collaboration with partners, is:

1. United Nations. Declaration on the elimination of violence against women. New York : UN, 1993.

WHO Media centre
E-mail: mediainquiries@who.int

© WHO 2018

#APRAN Studies, Analyses, Reports

Key facts on VAW / intimate partner violence | WHO

November 29, 2017
#WHO, #surveys, #populations, #Fact Sheet, #facts, #statistics, #VAW, #intimate partner violence

Executive Summary

WHO key facts on intimate partner violence and sexual violence, according to population-level surveys based on reports. 1 in 3, or 35%, of women have experienced physical and/or sexual violence by an intimate partner

WHO — WHO

The United Nations defines violence against women as "any act of gender-based violence that results in, or is likely to result in, physical, sexual, or mental harm or suffering to women, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivation of liberty, whether occurring in public or in private life." (1)

Intimate partner violence refers to behaviour by an intimate partner or ex-partner that causes physical, sexual or psychological harm, including physical aggression, sexual coercion, psychological abuse and controlling behaviours.

Sexual violence is "any sexual act, attempt to obtain a sexual act, or other act directed against a person’s sexuality using coercion, by any person regardless of their relationship to the victim, in any setting. It includes rape, defined as the physically forced or otherwise coerced penetration of the vulva or anus with a penis, other body part or object."

Population-level surveys based on reports from victims provide the most accurate estimates of the prevalence of intimate partner violence and sexual violence. A 2013 analysis conduct by WHO with the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine and the South Africa Medical Research Council, used existing data from over 80 countries and found that worldwide, 1 in 3, or 35%, of women have experienced physical and/or sexual violence by an intimate partner or non-partner sexual violence (3).

Almost one third (30%) of all women who have been in a relationship have experienced physical and/or sexual violence by their intimate partner. The prevalence estimates of intimate partner violence range from 23.2% in high-income countries and 24.6% in the WHO Western Pacific region to 37% in the WHO Eastern Mediterranean region, and 37.7% in the WHO South-East Asia region.

Globally as many as 38% of all murders of women are committed by intimate partners. In addition to intimate partner violence, globally 7% of women report having been sexually assaulted by someone other than a partner, although data for non-partner sexual violence are more limited. Intimate partner and sexual violence are mostly perpetrated by men against women.

Factors associated with intimate partner and sexual violence occur at individual, family, community and wider society levels. Some are associated with being a perpetrator of violence, some are associated with experiencing violence and some are associated with both.

Risk factors for both intimate partner and sexual violence include:

Factors specifically associated with intimate partner violence include:

Factors specifically associated with sexual violence perpetration include:

Gender inequality and norms on the acceptability of violence against women are a root cause of violence against women.

Intimate partner (physical, sexual and emotional) and sexual violence cause serious short- and long-term physical, mental, sexual and reproductive health problems for women. They also affect their children, and lead to high social and economic costs for women, their families and societies. Such violence can:

The social and economic costs of intimate partner and sexual violence are enormous and have ripple effects throughout society. Women may suffer isolation, inability to work, loss of wages, lack of participation in regular activities and limited ability to care for themselves and their children.

There are a growing number of well-designed studies looking at the effectiveness of prevention and response programmes. More resources are needed to strengthen the prevention of and response to intimate partner and sexual violence, including primary prevention – stopping it from happening in the first place.

There is some evidence from high-income countries that advocacy and counselling interventions to improve access to services for survivors of intimate partner violence are effective in reducing such violence. Home visitation programmes involving health worker outreach by trained nurses also show promise in reducing intimate partner violence. However, these have yet to be assessed for use in resource-poor settings.

In low resource settings, prevention strategies that have been shown to be promising include: those that empower women economically and socially through a combination of microfinance and skills training related to gender equality; that promote communication and relationship skills within couples and communities; that reduce access to, and harmful use of alcohol; transform harmful gender and social norms through community mobilization and group-based participatory education with women and men to generate critical reflections about unequal gender and power relationships.

To achieve lasting change, it is important to enact and enforce legislation and develop and implement policies that promote gender equality by:

While preventing and responding to violence against women requires a multi-sectoral approach, the health sector has an important role to play. The health sector can:

At the World Health Assembly in May 2016, Member States endorsed a global plan of action on strengthening the role of the health systems in addressing interpersonal violence, in particular against women and girls and against children.

WHO, in collaboration with partners, is:

1. United Nations. Declaration on the elimination of violence against women. New York : UN, 1993.

WHO Media centre
E-mail: mediainquiries@who.int

© WHO 2018

Prevalence of intimate partner violence and sexual violence | WHO

November 19, 2017 — Official Data, Facts, Statistics
Summary:

Population-level surveys based on reports from victims provide the most accurate estimates of the prevalence of intimate partner violence and sexual violence: 1 in 3, or 35%, of women have experienced physical and/or sexual violence by an intimate partner

Author(s) / Source: WHO
#APRAN Official Data, Facts, Statistics

Prevalence of intimate partner violence and sexual violence | WHO

November 19, 2017
#violence against women, #intimate partner violence, #Health, #World Health Organization

Executive Summary

Population-level surveys based on reports from victims provide the most accurate estimates of the prevalence of intimate partner violence and sexual violence: 1 in 3, or 35%, of women have experienced physical and/or sexual violence by an intimate partner

WHO

Global → VAW

Global Plan of Action: Health Systems Address Violence Against Women and Girls | WHO

March 19, 2016 — Policies, Guidelines, Jurisprudence
Summary:

This booklet includes a popular version of the violence against women and girls section of "The global plan of action" to strengthen the role of the health system within a national multisectoral response to address interpersonal violence.

Author(s) / Source: WHO
#APRAN Policies, Guidelines, Jurisprudence

Global Plan of Action: Health Systems Address Violence Against Women and Girls | WHO

March 19, 2016
#violence against women and girls, #VAW, #WHO, #health systems, #World Health Organization

Executive Summary

This booklet includes a popular version of the violence against women and girls section of "The global plan of action" to strengthen the role of the health system within a national multisectoral response to address interpersonal violence.

WHO